Yazhou Bay Science and Technology City (YZBSTC) is located in the city of Sanya on the southern coast of Hainan Island in China. The goal of this 69.3-square-kilometer area within a city is to incubate scientific research and spark the creation of new companies. Designated as one of 11 key industrial parks in the Hainan Free Trade Port, YZBSTC is mainly composed of four parts —— the Nanfan Science and Technology City, the Deep Sea Science and Technology City, the Nanshan Port and the Global Transfer Base for the Introduction of Animal and Plant Germplasm Resources.
Nanfan Science and Technology City
The Nanfan Science and Technology City has a planned area of about 4.02 square kilometers, with South China seed breeding as the core, and is built with the focus on animal and plant breeding technology, international seed industry transactions, germplasm resource property rights transactions, seed industry intellectual property transactions, tropical agricultural sciences, etc.
Deep Sea Science and Technology City
The planned area of the Deep Sea Science and Technology City is approximately 5.39 square kilometers, with the marine science and technology industry as the core, focusing on three major areas: deep sea science and technology, marine industry and modern services. In terms of deep-sea technology, it mainly develops deep-sea equipment, materials and communications; as for marine industry, it mainly develops marine ships, offshore engineering equipment and marine public services; in terms of modern services, it mainly develops exhibition, financial and business services. In the future, active exploration will be carried out in the fields of deep sea aquaculture, artificial reefs and marine ecological protection.
To develop South China seed breeding and deep sea science and technology industry, YZBSTC already harbors research institutions from 12 prominent universities such as Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Zhejiang University, Ocean University of China, China Agricultural University, Wuhan University of Technology, which all adopt the form of “central research sharing + independent research institute”. YZBSTC provides integrated services to industry, university and research institutes, and also builds a platform for innovation, entrepreneurship and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements.
Nanshan Port is an indispensable part of Yazhou Bay Science and Technology City, and an important prerequisite for the construction of the deep-sea science and technology city. Its core functions are mainly about the marine scientific research, marine experiment and port industry. At present, based on the needs of entering companies and institutes, such as China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, The China State Shipbuilding Corporation and the Institute of Deep-Sea Science and Engineering of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the planned total coastline length (including the existing coastline) is 7,165 linear meters, and the land area (including the existing land area) 2.76 square kilometers. After completion, it will be able to dock nearly 20 various scientific research and support ships at the same time.
Global Transfer Base for the Introduction of Animal and Plant Germplasm resources
The planned area of the Global Transfer Base for the Introduction of Animal and Plant Germplasm resources is about 0.5 square kilometers. It will introduce animal, plant, and microbial germplasm resources, with functions such as inspection and isolation, strategic reserves, industrial applications, and international trade transactions.